• the basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity.
• generally accepted principles of fairness and justice.
• those freedoms and entitlements a person is due simply because he or she is a human being.
Categories of Human Rights
• Civil Rights
• Political Rights
• Economic Rights
• Social Rights
• Cultural Rights
Where do rights come from?
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (1948)
• International Conventions and Treaties
Some International Conventions and Treaties:
Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) (1965; entered into force 1969)
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (1966; entered into force 1976)
International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) (1966; entered into force 1976)
Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979; entered into force 1981)
The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) (1984; entered into force 1987)
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (1989; entered into force 1990)
Human Rights Principles
- Human Dignity